The 5 Profit Centers of a Rental Property (& How to Use Them to Minimize Risk!)Do you actually know all of the ways you profit from a rental property? You might have a basic feel for them, but I bet you don’t realize all of the ways you profit from a rental property. Even if you do, it never hurts to review a summary of the income streams to reignite excitement for your rental property!

I’m going to end the summary of rental profit centers with a really cool note about why having 5 profit centers is extremely amazing, by the way.

But first…

The 5 Profit Centers of a Rental Property Investment

Just to be clear, “profit centers” mean each of the ways you gain income. It’s not my favorite term, but it’s the shortest way to explain income streams. OK, well maybe “income streams” is just as short, but something about “profit centers” really seems to ring it in.

1. Monthly Cash Flow

This one should happen, but unfortunately people oftentimes don’t know how to run numbers on an investment property (or they just don’t), so it’s common that a property doesn’t produce this primary stream of income. The monthly cash flow is the money you pocket each month after all expenses are paid. The majority of properties that exist won’t actually produce positive monthly cash flow, so you want to make sure you know how to really shop for properties and run numbers.

The keys to look at are the amount of expenses on the property (including expenses related to buying the property) and the amount of rental income. You want the income to surpass the expenses. If this happens on average, you should be good for positive monthly cash flow.

This income is passive, revolving, and if you build enough of it, you can start thinking about getting out of the rat race! In relation to this profit center, I want to offer you two supplemental articles to check out. The first is just about running numbers. In order to be able to determine what you should expect for monthly cash flow on a property, check out “Rental Property Numbers So Easy You Can Calculate Them on a Napkin.” Then to keep your excitement going about monthly cash flow and how it can begin to supplement your income in really cool ways, check out “Gaining Financial Freedom is Easier Than You Think.” Despite the perks of monthly cash flow, though, a lot of people buy properties with negative cash flow. Then where can they expect to see income? Well, hopefully they bought something in the wave of…

2. Appreciation

Most people are familiar with this one, if not the most familiar with it! The general trend of housing prices increases over time. Whatever appreciation happens to the value of your property is free cash to you. In order to see the actual cash profit from appreciation, you either need to refinance the property, take out a home equity line, or sell the property, but either way, the money is yours as long as it’s there.

Some markets appreciate in crazy-high waves, while other markets stay fairly neutral with minimal increase or decline in values, but in general, real estate typically does move upward in value. Some people buy investment properties solely for the appreciation potential. Be careful if you do this because banking on appreciation is essentially speculation, and as we know from 2009, speculation doesn’t always pan out in our favors. However, appreciation has also put some pretty pennies in people’s pockets. For more information on investing for cash flow versus investing for appreciation, check out “Investing for Cash Flow or Appreciation — What’s the Difference?” There are ways to invest in a property with good hopes for both cash flow and appreciation, but some properties are either/or (or neither, but stay away from those).

3. Tax Benefits

As I continue down the list, I’m going to get progressively less obvious with the profit centers. The tax benefits of owning rental properties is fairly obvious by itself, but what isn’t as obvious are the actual income numbers the tax benefits will put in your pocket. The thing to know with rental properties is that the IRS considers them to be “passive income,” which allows for substantially more benefits in the taxation department than “active income” (like W2 income, etc.).

I will tell you that I’ve never had better tax returns than I have since I started investing in rental properties. Without even going into detail, I can tell you that the biggest tax perk with rental properties is that typically the income you receive from the property ends up being tax-free (the cash flow, at least — not necessarily the appreciation/equity unless you 1031 exchange it on the sale, which I do recommend). For details on what in the world I’m talking about and how this is all possible, check out “One of the Biggest Financial Advantages of Owning Residential Rental Properties.” The tax benefits on rental properties are so strong that I highly recommend you not try to do your taxes yourself and rather work with a CPA who specializes in real estate. The laws are changing so often and the available perks can be very hidden, so, in my opinion, it’d be almost impossible for you to maximize the tax benefits from your property on your own.

4. Equity Build via Mortgage Payoff

Here we go with getting less obvious. If you buy a cash-flowing rental property that experiences appreciation and you are getting mad tax benefits all the while, there is still something else that is happening along the way. It’s related to appreciation in that it is equity-related, but it’s in addition to appreciation.

Assuming you bought a property that the expenses are covered by the rental income, your tenants are paying down your mortgage for you. Hear that? Your tenants are paying that for you. And as a mortgage gets paid down, that is just more money to your name. Let’s say you own a rental property for 30 years and experience absolutely no appreciation on it, but the rental income has been covering your mortgage all that time. Now you own a property free and clear, and all of that equity is yours to use. Thanks, tenants!

Obviously, this profit center is dependent on having purchased the property with financing, so bear that in mind. Some might try to argue against tenants paying down the mortgage because that would otherwise be money in your pocket if you didn’t use a mortgage at all, especially with the interest, but that then becomes a discussion as to whether you are a bigger believer in leveraging investment properties versus paying cash for them. Personally, I prefer to leverage because the returns end up being higher in the end. If you are contemplating this question for yourself, though, check out “Leveraging vs. Paying Cash for Rental Properties: A Look at the Infamous Debate.” There’s no wrong way to do it, but know that if you do decide to leverage, then you will get the equity pay-down/off bonus.

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5. Hedging Against Inflation

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